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Alexandria



Alexandria
Introduction

1. Fishing boats

2. The undulating corniche

3. Catacombs

4. Roman Amphitheatre

5. Villa of Birds

6. Pompey's Pillar and Serapeum

7. Fort Qaitbey

8. Library of Alexandria

9. Construction of the Library

10. Graeco-Roman Museum

11. Sunken city

12. Montazah Palace Gardens

13. Coptic Cathedral

14. The mosques

15. Synagogue

16. A touch of the old world

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ALEXANDRIA
Pompey's Pillar and Serapeum


Pomepei's Pillar, Alexandria, Egypt

The site of Pompey's Pillar and Serapeum is a strange place, and a disappointing experience if you go there without absorbing a little bit about its history.
Originally, here stood the main temple of Serapis, the Serapeum. The temple was situated on top of a rocky outcrop, and had 100 steps in front of it. The temple was also a library of religious texts, and had three subterranean galleries where the Apis bull resided.
The pillar, with its circumference of 9 metres and height of 25 metres, was added to the complex in 293 CE, in honour of Diocletian. At some time in history, the idea that it belonged to Pompey arose, but there is no connection.
The temple was destroyed by fanatical Christians in 391 CE, and they did a thorough job. The great pillar, however survived, together with a few sphinxes.
Serapeum, Alexandria, Egypt



By Tore Kjeilen