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1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns

Open the online Arabic language course

Open map of TurkeyFlag of TurkeyTurkey /

Water surface: 9,820 km².
Population density: 94 inhabitants per km².
Borders: A total of 2,648 km. Bulgaria 240 km; Greece 206 km; Syria 822 km; Iraq 352 km; Iran 499 km; Azerbaijan 9 km; Armenia 268 km; Georgia 252 km.
Coastline: 7,200 km
Highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m
Arable land: 34.5%
Turkey is in some ways the most Western country in the Middle East, with Latin writing (Turkish was written with Arabic letters until the fall of the Ottoman Empire), an almost secular state, and strong affiliations with Europe.
At the same time, a city like Istanbul is a grand monument of the heyday of Oriental culture's supremacy, and there is a significant political change going on in Turkey right now (but not as radical as promised during the electoral), where a fairly unsuccessful politics of copying Europe is altered, and more attention is directed towards the Muslim world.


  • Taurus Mountains


  • Euphrates
    1,230 km, continues into Syria and Iraq, total 2,735 km.
  • Kizilirmak
    1,150 km.
  • Sakarya river
    824 km.
  • Yesil river
    418 km.


  • Van lake

  • By Tore Kjeilen