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Tarsus





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Tarsus

Tarsus, Turkey.
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Tarsus, Turkey. Photo: Minamie's Photo.

Tarsus, Turkey.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Photo: Minamie's Photo.

Tarsus, Turkey.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Photo: Minamie's Photo.

City in southern Turkey with 280,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate) on the Tarsus River, 20 km from the Mediterranean Sea.
Tarsus is the trade and administrative centre for a region producing corn, cotton, wool, skins and hides. There are relatively few industries in the city, with cotton-milling as one exception.
Tarsus is well-connected by both road and rail, principally to Mersin 30 km southwest, and Adana 50 km east.
Ancient Tarsus benefited from its rich soil, and its closeness to the Mediterranean Sea by the excellent harbour of Rhegma, yet protection from sea attacks by lying 20 km from the sea.
Tarsus is mentioned both in the Acts 22:3, as the birthplace of Paul, and as the place where Cleopatra met Mark Anthony in 41 BCE, turning him into a "strumpet's fool".
Tarsus' main landmark, the Cleopatra Gate, has no factual connection with the Egyptian queen.

History
The site of Tarsus has been inhabited since Neolithic times.
Around 700 BCE: Being a part of the Assyrian Empire, Tarsus is rebuilt by king Sennacherib.
67: Captured by the Romans. Tarsus woulde develop into becoming the leading city of Cilicia, and one of the richest in Asia Minor, serving as the main trading centre between Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt. Tarsus had in this period a rich linen industry.
7th century: Is conquered by Muslim Arabs.




By Tore Kjeilen