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Sudan
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Defense
4. Economy
a. Figures
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. Human rights
12. History
13. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Demographics
Open map of SudanFlag of SudanSudan /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
41.1 million
Population density:
16 per square kilometre.
Median age:
19 years
Population growth
2.1%
Fertility
4.5 children/woman.
MENA rank: 19 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Through the 20th century, the population of Sudan doubled 8 times, which is fairly moderate. Population rate is in 2009 at 2.1% per year. What pulls the growth up is a high fertility rate with 4.5 children per mother and a low median age, at 19, which involves that a great percentage of the population is in child bearing age. What pulls the growth rate down is low life expectancy. No country in the MENA region has a higher death frequency than Sudan, 13 per 1,000 inhabitants.
Sudan, a country of poor services at all levels of society, still faces the challenges of a traditional society's affinity to give birth to many children both from fear of one or more children dying young, and the need for children as a security for one's old age.
More information of demography is found in other Sudan articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Density
(per km²)
Change
1890 4,000,000 2
1900 4,300,000 2 8%
1910 5,020,000 2 17%
1920 5,840,000 2 16%
1930 6,790,000 3 16%
1940 7,900,000 3 16%
1950 9,320,000 4 18%
1960 11,500,000 5 23%
1970 14,700,000 6 28%
1980 20,000,000 8 36%
1990 25,000,000 10 25%
2000 35,100,000 14 40%
2009 41,100,000 16 17%





By Tore Kjeilen