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824-811 BCE

Mesopotamia / Kings /
Assyria / Neo period / Kings /
Shamshi-Adad 5
Also called: Shamshi-Ramman

Stela of Shamshi-adad 5, found in the Temple of Nabu, Calah. British Musuem, London, UK
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Stela of Shamshi-adad 5, found in the Temple of Nabu, Calah. British Musuem, London, UK

Assyria at the time of Shamshi-Adad 5

(Dead 811 BCE) Ruler of Assyria 824-811 BCE, 13 years.
He succeeded his father, Shalmaneser 3 as king, but transition of power was conflicted. Over six years there was a civil war between him and his brother, Ashur-danin-pal. Briefly, Ashur-danin-pal even managed to secure the throne for himself. The conflict had serious effects on the Assyrian society, leaving its administrative and military structures weak for the following century, only to be revived by Tiglath-Pileser 3.
Although weakened by the civil war, Shamshi-Adad managed to make advances against Babylonia. The advances were small, but important in securing the integrity of the empire's borders.
He was married to Shammuramat, one of very few prominent female royals in Assyrian history.

826: Rebellion starting in Nineveh by prince Ashur-danin-pal against prince Shamshi-Adad. Ashur-danin-pal would manage to win over to his side 27 important cities.
824: King Shalmaneser 3 is removed from power by Ashur-danin-pal. Ashur-danin-pal is, however, himself defeated by Shamshi-Adad 5, who would secure the throne for himself. Shortly after, Shalmaneser dies.
820: Ashur-danin-pal is finally defeated.
814: Wins a battle against Babylonian king Murduk-balassu-iqbi.
811: Dies, and is formally succeeded by his young son, Adad-nirari 3, but it is his queen, Shammuramat, that is effective ruler for 3 years.

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By Tore Kjeilen