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859-824 BCE

Mesopotamia / Kings /
Assyria / Neo period / Kings /
Shalmaneser 3
Akkadian: Shulmanu-asharedu

Modern Van

Assyria at the time of Shalmaneser 3

Basalt statue of king Shalmaneser 3. Found at Ashur. Now in Istanbul Museum, Turkey
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Basalt statue of king Shalmaneser 3. Found at Ashur. Now in Istanbul Museum, Turkey.

(Dead 824 BCE) Ruler of Assyria 859-824 BCE, 35 years.
Many of his efforts were invested in the securing the integrity of the empire, by controlling the Babylonians, and the border regions to Kizzuwatna and Urartu. Territorial advances were made by subjecting the Hittites of Carchemish and the Hamath kingdom (modern Hama, Syria). He tried several times to conquer Aram Damascus, but failed.
He adorned Nimrud with important buildings, rebuilding a palace and a ziggurat.
Two of his monuments name Old Testament figures and events: On the Black Obelisk, king Jehu is represented, being the oldest depicted Biblical figure. On the Kurkh Monolith, king Ahab and the Battle of Karkar (also spelled Qarqar) are depicted. The Black Obelisk is the most complete of any Assyrian obelisk.

859 BCE: Succeeds his father, Ashurnasirpal 2, as king of Assyria.
853: Is heavily defeated at Karkar by a wide coalition of Hamath, Arvad, Israel and Egypt as well as few other smaller states.
850: Completes his assistance to the Babylonian king, defeating his rebellious brother, Marduk-bel-usati. Parts of Babylonia was made into Assyrian tributaries, in particular the southern region which was then inhabited by the Chaldeans.
842: Shalmaneser lays a siege on Aram Damascus, but fails to take control.
841: By a military campaign to the Levant he forces Jehu of Israel, and the Phoenician city-states of Tyre and Sidon to send him tribute.
— Secures control of Babylonia as far as the marshes of the Chaldaeans in the south, and has the Babylonian king put to death.
836: Sends a military campaign against Tabal.
832: Sends a military campaign against Urartu, and makes Cilicia a vassal kingdom.
824: Is removed from power by his son, Assur-danin-pal, in a rebellion starting in Nineveh. Assur-danin-pal is, however, himself defeated by another son, Shamshi-Adad 5, who would secure the throne for himself. Shortly after, Shalmaneser dies.

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By Tore Kjeilen