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Ancient Egypt /
1. Introduction
2. Gods
3. Concepts
4. Cult
5. Cult centres
6. Necropolises
7. Structures

Detailed articleAncient Egypt

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Bust of Serapis. Greaco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt.
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Bust of Serapis. Greaco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt.

God of ancient Egypt religion and Greek religion. Serapis was often associated with gods like Orisis, but mainly he was thought of as a human representation of Apis. His roles were being a god of fertility and of the dead in the region of Tartarus.

In Alexandria

The cult of Serapis was the one of Ancient Egyptian religion that survived the longest into the Greek and Roman periods, even if it was in an altered religion that was heavily influenced by Greek religion.
At his temple, the Sarapeum in Alexandria, he was represented as a robed and bearded figure, with a three-headed dog at his right hand, and a sceptre in his left hand. In this role he was a sun god, and a god of fertility and healing.
Serapis became a god revered all around the Mediterranean Sea, and he even played a role with Gnostic, where he became a symbol of the universal god. It was the destruction of Sarapeum in Alexandria in 391 CE that marked the end of his cult, as well as Ancient Egyptian religion.

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By Tore Kjeilen