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Saudi Arabia
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Media
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. History
12. Cities and Towns

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Open map of Saudi ArabiaFlag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia /

Najd: Tuwaiq Escarpment. Photo: Tor Eigeland/Saudi Aramco World/PADIA
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From Najd.

Al-Hasa Najd Rub al-Khali Asir Tihama Hijaz

Regions of Saudi Arabia. The border zones cannot be clearly defined.

Mountains of Asir.
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Mountains of Asir.

Hijaz, Saudi Arabia

Mountain village of Hijaz.

Al-Hasa region, Saudi Arabia.
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Al-Hasa region.

Dunes of Rub al-Khali.
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Dunes of Rub al-Khali.

Population density: 11 per kmē
Arable land: 1.7%
A few parts of Saudi Arabia's territory is undecided; the territory indicated above includes Saudi Arabia's share of neutral zones towards Kuwait and Iraq, with respectively about 2,800 kmē and 3,500 kmē.
The total border is 4,431 km. To Yemen it is 1,458 km, to Oman 676 km, UAE 457 km, Qatar 60 km, Kuwait 222 km, Iraq 814 km, and Jordan 744 km.
The coastline is 2,640 km, facing the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba in the west, and the Persian Gulf in the east.
Highest point: Sawda Mt. at 3,133 m
Almost all of Saudi Arabia consists of semi-desert and desert with oases, where half of the total surface is uninhabitable desert. All over the country there is very little rain. Most of the western parts of Saudi Arabia is plateau, the east is lowland, with very hot climate. The southwest has mountains as high as 3000 metres. This area also has the greenest and freshest climate in the entire country.


  • Hijaz
  • Najd
  • Tihama
  • Asir
  • al-Hasa
  • Rub al-Khali


  • Nafud

  • By Tore Kjeilen