Ancient World /
Roman Empire was an empire with Rome as capital, controlling all coastal regions of the Mediterranean Sea. The lands of North Africa were bordered to the south by the Saharan desert and in Morocco by the Atlas mountains.
Representation of what Carthage may have looked like in the 2nd century CE.
Representation of what Chemtou may have looked like.
The Roman control began with the victory in the 3rd Punic War in 146 BCE, when the territory of Carthage came under direct control of Rome. It took about a century after this, before Rome began with an active policy of strengthening its control over African land. Further expansion happened largely by local rulers accepting cooperation with Rome, a cooperation that eventually led annexation into the Empire.
The first territories were central Africa, the last became Mauretania Caesariensis.
The province corresponding to Tunisia, eastern Algeria and western coastal Libya, 25 BCE-40 CE.
The province corresponding to northern Morocco and most of northern Algeria, 25 BCE-40 CE.
The province corresponding to modern Morocco, 40-429 CE.
The province corresponding to much of modern Algeria.