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Ancient Egypt /
1. Introduction
2. Gods
3. Concepts
4. Cult
5. Cult centres
6. Necropolises
7. Structures

Detailed articleAncient Egypt

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Other spellings: Resheph; Reshep


Egyptian statuette of Reshef.


Reshef in his Canaanite form, statuette from Samaria.

In ancient Middle Eastern religions, like Ancient Egyptian Religion and Canaanite and Phoenician religions, god of war and thunder, symbolized by a battle-axe, spear and a shield.
Originally, Reshef was a central god for Ugarit. He had links to Mesopotamian religion, specifically to the death god, Nergal.
Reshef was introduced from Cannanite-Pheonician religion to Egypt during the 18th Dynasty, perhaps by the Hyksos. He became thoroughly absorbed into Egyptian religion.
He appeared occasionally together with the Semitic god of sexual acts, Qetesh. He was defined as the father of Min, the god of fertility. His wife was Itum.
He was always represented as a man, with a beard, wearing a short kilt and with the white crown of Upper Egypt on his head.
He was worshiped in his own temple in Memphis, often revered mostly by immigrant groups.

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By Tore Kjeilen