Islam / Orientations/ Sufism /
Note that "g" does not exist in Arabic, "j" is used instead, therefore Gilan has become Jilani.
The silsila of Abd al-Qadir goes through Ali and the 7 next imams, before following a line of lesser known shaykhs.
Qadiriya has the majority of its members outside the geographical scope of this encyclopaedia, more closely in India, Pakistan, the Balkans, much of East and West Africa and Chechnya (Russia). But there are also strong Qadiriya communities in Turkey.
The Qadiriya order is well fitted inside mainstream Islam, but interprets Islam in a mystical manner, meaning that the full understanding of the Islamic truth is experienced through rituals of the dhikr type. The actual rituals set down by Abd al-Qadir Jilani were few, and this reflects upon the order today. Each regional community may develop its own dhikrs.
The Qadiriya is more than religious rituals, but also a movement stressing importance issues in the everyday life. Philanthropy, humility, piety and moderation are central values.
This is the reason why Qadiriya has been among the most accepted Sufi orders among other Muslim scholars. Even the first theoretician of conservative Islam, Ibn Taymiya of the 13th and 14th centuries was a follower of Qadiriya.
Historically, Qadiriya has been a strong force even in politics, and Abd al-Qadir of Algeria was a Qadiriy shaykh.
The Rifa'i order is an 1182 offshoot of Qadiriyya.