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Persia /

For Persia under the Parthian Dynasty.
Ancient land of modern Khorasan, Iran. Parthia earns it fame from the period of the Parthian Empire, which lasted 247 BCE-224 CE.
"Parthia" may well be linked to "Persia." The name is first recorded used in 520 BCE, then as "Parthava", when mentioning King Darius 1.
Much of the economy of Parthia was linked to trade routes passing through the region, in addition to agriculture and local production of handicrafts. Parthia emerged as a cultural centre, especially involved in building activities.
Parthia was a country of feudal and desentralized structures. As part of Persia, the Parthian region was governed as small vassal kingdoms.
The first recorded capital of Parthia was Dara, later Hecatompylos would emerge as the main capital.

For Parthia, no information is available from its history prior to the middle of the 4th century BCE.
Around 330: Conquered by Alexander the Great, Parthia is joined with Hyrcania, and would become part of the Seleucid kingdom.
4th century: Parni nomads move from Central Asia into Parthia, and appear to have been assimilited into the local culture and adopting the language.
247: Advances of Parthian kings turn Parthia into one of the strongest forces in Persia, challenging the Seleucids. For historical treatment here, see article on Parthian Dynasty.

By Tore Kjeilen