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Full name: Ferit Orhan Pamuk
(1952-) Turkish author and novelist, Nobel Prize winner in literature in 2006.
Year of publishing (English version)
The White Castle|
The Black Book
The New Life
My Name is Red
Istanbul: Memories of a City
Other Colors: Essays and a Story
The Museum of Innocence
Pamuk is probably the best-selling Turkish author, having sold more than 7 million books in over 50 languages. He has since 2006 been a visiting professor in Humanities at Columbia University, USA.
He has been awarded several important prizes in addition to the most noteworthy the 2006 Nobel Prize. With this, he became the first Turkish citizen to receive a Nobel Prize.
In his literature, Pamuk deals with subjects ranging from the troubles in the upper class of Turkish and Ottoman society to everyday subjects. He has dealt with issues with political dimensions, although the most common dimension of his writing deals with the confusion or loss of identity experienced in the Turkish society between Western and Eastern values, between tradition and religion on one side and modernism and secularism on the other.
Pamuk stated in his Nobel Prize lecture that:
"What literature needs most to tell and investigate today are humanity's basic fears: the fear of being left outside, and the fear of counting for nothing, and the feelings of worthlessness that come with such fears..."
1952 June 7: Born in Istanbul into a wealthy family.
1976: Graduates from University of Istanbul with a degree in journalism.
1979: Publishes his first novel, Darkness and Light.
1982 March 1: Marries Aylin Türegün, a historian.
1985: Follows his wife to the USA, acting as a visiting scholar at Columbia University.
Publishes The White Castle with which he would gain international attention.
1990: Publishes The Black Book, which was both controversial to the society, but which also became very popular.
1995: New Life finally makes Pamuk a very popular author, being the fastest selling book in Turkish history.
Is tried for his criticism of hardship from Turkish authorities upon the Kurds.
2001: Divorces his wife.
2003: His My Name is Red wins the prestigious IMPAC Dublin Award.
2005: Again, Pamuk provokes the government, by making statements about mass killings of 1 million Armenians and 30,000 Kurds in Turkey to a Swiss magazine. A case was opened against him for having insulted the republic and Turkishness, but charges were dropped early in 2006, much because of pressure from the European Union.
2006: Is appointed visiting professor at Columbia University.
Receives the Nobel Prize in Literature.