Ancient Egypt / Religion / Gods /
Osiris was one of the most important gods in Ancient Egypt, but started first as a local god in Busiris, but his centre was later moved to Abydos.
Osiris was the son of Geb and Nut, the brother and husband of Isis, and the father of Horus. Osiris is one of the main characters of the most famous story of Ancient Egyptian mythology, where he is slain by Seth, divided into 14 pieces, and spread all over Egypt. Isis, Osiris' wife, searched for these 14 pieces, found them and had them buried. Except the phallus of Osiris, which she kept, and used to conceive Horus, by whom Osiris was revived.
Osiris was a representative for the setting sun, he was the ruler of the dead and the resurrected king, as well as god of fertility. The apparent duality between being god of the dead and god of fertility, is best explained by the fact that many cultures through the history of religions have seen fertility as growing on the death of someone or something.
Egyptian mythology soon developed into giving the pharaoh at his death the status of being Osiris, while the new pharaoh was given the status of Osiris' son, Horus. By 2000 BCE, this had developed into the popular belief that every man at his death became Osiris.
Osiris is the god to whom the credit of learning the Egyptians skills of law, agriculture, and religion, is given.
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