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Morocco
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Defense
4. Economy
a. Figures
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. Human rights
12. History
13. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Health
Open map of MoroccoFlag of MoroccoMorocco /
Health



Key figures
Life expectancy
71.5 years. Women 4.8 years longer than men.
MENA rank: 16 of 22.
Child mortality
Infants: 30.6 per 1000.
1 to 5 years: 5.7 per 1000.
MENA rank: 17 of 22.
Overweight
43%.
MENA rank: 5 of 21.
Malnutrition
6%.
MENA rank: 16 of 22.
HIV/AIDS
67 per 100,000 inhabitants.
21,000 in total.
MENA rank: 8 of 14.
Expenses
$273 per inhabitant.
4.4% of GDP.
MENA rank: 14 of 21.
Hospital accreditations
None.
Doctors
0.5 per 1000 inhabitants.
MENA rank: 18 of 22.
Hospital beds
1.1 per 1000 inhabitants.
MENA rank: 19 of 22
MENA rank
18
among 22 countries.

MENA = Middle East and North Africa.

Morocco performs poorly on regional comparison, ranked 18 of 22 MENA countries. The only factor apparently positive, little overweight, is mainly due to poverty. Poverty again is manifested in a malnutrition rate at 6% of the whole population.

Health care
The Moroccan health system exists all across the country, but there are a major quantitative and quality differences between cities and rural areas. A major problem for even the largest health institutions are poor management and inadequate capacity.
The health sector is dominated by public services, but there are semi-public and a private sectors. The private hospitals are generally offering high-quality services, but are financially out of reach for all but the higher middle class and up.
Health services are spearheaded by university and region hospitals. Somewhat smaller are the regional and provincial hospitals, whereas health centers provide simpler services but are the only option in many rural region. In the late 1990's, there were more than 120 hospitals and 2,400 health centres.
Despite that the several challenges to the situation has been there for long, little has happened in the most recent years. In 1997, there were 0.46 doctor and 1.0 hospital bed per 1000 inhabitants, both figures low compared to other countries. The latest figures show little change: 0.5 doctors (2004) and 1.1 hospital beds (2007).

Health conditions and diseases
Child mortality has improved significantly. In 1960, it was 215 per 1000, in 2000 at 47, and now ca. 36. The present child mortality is still very high, 6 times higher than in Israel.
There have been several successful programs launched, mass education in hygiene, and campaigns against malaria, tuberculosis, venereal diseases and cancer. Still, there are major health problems with gastrointestinal infections, malaria, typhoid, trachoma and tuberculosis.
There are government programs to promote the use of contraception, officially for married women, but it is open for unmarried too. More than half of Moroccan women are reported to use this.
Figures of 2006 from WHO show that 83% have good access to clean water, 72% access to good sanitation. Differences between countryside and towns are among the most dramatic in MENA, while 100% have access to clean water in towns, only 58% have in the countryside. Sanitation access is also unequal, 54% in the countryside to 85% in the towns.




By Tore Kjeilen