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Sumer. Around 3500-2000 BCESumer. Around 3500-2000 BCE; Akkad. Ca. 2330-ca. 2220 BCESumer. Around 3500-2000 BCEAssyria. Ca. 1850-1760 BCEAssyria. Ca. 1850-1760 BCE; Babylonia. 1792-1595 BCEBabylonia. 1792-1595 BCEAssyria. Ca. 1350-610's BCEAssyria. Ca. 1350-610's BCE; Babylonia. 1120-539 BCEBabylonia. 1120-539 BCE

Ancient World / Mesopotamia /

Akkad Assyria Tigris river Sumer Babylon Euphrates river Ur Uruk Lagash Nineveh Ashur Mari Nippur Open large map of Mesopotamia

All Mesopotamian cities
Agade | Ashur | Akshak | Adab | Babylon | Bad-tibira | Borsippa | Dur-Sharrukin | Erech | Eridu | Eshnunna | Harran | Isin | Kish | Lagash | Larsa | Mari | Nineveh | Nippur | Mari | Sippar | Umma | Ur | Uruk
The Mesopotamian civilizations were based upon the structures of the city. The city allowed fortifications, trade and handicrafts. With the citiies, effective structures that could develop came by.
The main Mesopotamian cities were:

The longest lasting city of Mesopotamia, emerging around 6000 BCE, not disappearing until 16the century CE, counting 7,500 years of continuous inhabitantion. It was capital of Assyria 705-612 BCE.

Thrives mainly between 4000 BCE and 2000 BCE, but would remain an important city until 4th century.

An important city from before 3700 BCE, until 2nd millennium.

Thrives as the westernmost city of Mesopotamia, ca. 2900-1750 BCE.

In Mesopotamian history, Ashur thrives from ca. 2500 BCE until 614 BCE. It forms the core lands of Assyria.

Emerge in historical accounts around 2200 BCE, lasts until 5th century BCE. It forms the core lands of Babylonia.

Calah (Nimrud)
Thrives between the 13th and late 8th centuries BCE. Was capital of Assyria 879-706 BCE, 173 years.

Confused? Try to find a good place to start learning about Mesopotamia in
Where to begin?Detailed article

By Tore Kjeilen