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Other spelling: Mazanderani
Also called: Mazeniki, Taperki

Indo-European Iranian language (Northwestern), spoken by 3.2 million (some estimates go as high as 4 million).
Mazandarani is linked to the Mazandarani people and the region of Mazandaran in the north of Iran, between the Alborz Mountains and the Caspian Sea.
Mazandarani is close to Gilaki and Persian. Mazandarani and Gilaki share much of the same vocabulary. Mazandaranis and Persian are able to communicate with moderate ease, with many similarities in vocabulary and grammar.
Mazandarani is by some scholars classified as a Persian dialect. The Persian dialect of Semnani represents a transition between the two.
Due to geographical and political isolation during much of its history, Mazandarani has preserved some of its oldest words which correspond to old Indo-European.
Among the main dialects are Gorgani, Ghadikolahi and Palani.
Mazandarani has a rich literature dating back to the 10th century, but its importance has declined in recent decades, challenged by Persian.
Mazandarani is generally written with Persianized Arabic script.

By Tore Kjeilen