Byzantine Empire /
Full name: Flavius Marcianus
(396-457) Byzantine emperor 450-457.
Marcian proved both to be an able leader, as well as fortunate. His period was one of stability and peace. Much of this was his fortune, he stopped paying tribute to the Huns, allowing economic freedom for the state. He was, however, fortunate in that the Huns saw better chances of achieving military gains away from Marcian's territory; rather in western Roman Empire.
He was also clever in avoiding further military adventures, limiting himself to defending the unity of the empire and protecting its borders. Nomads in Syria and Egypt represented a recurring challenge.
He reformed the tax system and reduced expenses at the court. He also saw to that districts emptied of population from warfare, were repopulated.
He was considered a devout Christian, and both he and his wife, Pulcheria, are saints with The Eastern Orthodox Church.
396: Born in Thrace or Illyria, unrelated to anyone of the imperial families.
Becomes a professional soldier, and would rise to tribune and senator.
450: Is appointed emperor upon the death of Theodosius 2. As a measurement to legalize this, he formally marries Pulcheria, sister of Theodosius 2 and empress since 414. The empire was at this point weak from years of attack of the Huns.
Marcian declares that the Byzantines no longer will pay tribute to the Huns. This works successfully, the Huns rather begin attacking the the Western Roman Empire.
451: Arranges a 4th ecumenical council, this time at Chalcedon (modern Kadaköy, Turkey). Here it was agreed that Christ had two natures, one divine and one human, thereby rejecting Monophysitism.
452: Defends the empire against attacks on Syria and Egypt.
450's?: Marcian's daughter Euphemia is married to Anthemius, who would become emperor of the West from 467 to 472.
453: Conflict breaks out between the king of the Huns, Attila, and Marcian.
455: Vandal king Gaiseric attacks Rome, Marcian does nothing to intervene.
456: Suppresses rebellion in Armenia.
457 January: Dies in Constantinople of disease, and is succeeded by Leo 1.