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Town in northwestern Algeria with 85,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), north of the Hauts Plateaux, at an elevation of 365 metres, in Tlemcen province.
Maghnia's economy is based on the region's agriculture, poroducing cereals and wool. The town also serves as the centre for the lead mine at Bou Beker, 30 km south.
Maghnia is well-connected with other urban centres of Algeria, being right on the railway and highway which theoretically links to Morocco. Tlemcen is 50 km east, Sidi Bel Abbes 140 km east and Oran 155 km northeast.
The main attraction in town is the Mausoleum of Lalla Maghnia. Among local attractions is the mineral spring of Hammam Boughrara, 10 km northeast.
Ahmed Ben Bella was born in Maghnia.

Was in Roman times the site of the small town of Numerus Syrorum.
18th century: The holy Muslim woman Lalla Maghnia acts around the site of future Maghnia, and is buried here. She would give name to the town.
1844: The French builds a military camp here, and a town would grow around this.

By Tore Kjeilen