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Late 16th century-ca. 1340 BCE


Kizzuwatna
Other spelling: Kizzuwadna


Hittites Mitanni Assyria Babylonia Ebla Aleppo Mari



Treaty between king Idrimi of Alakakh and king Pillia of Kizzuwatna. 15th century BCE. British Museum, London.
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Treaty between king Idrimi of Alakakh and king Pillia of Kizzuwatna. 15th century BCE. British Museum, London.

Ancient Hurrian kingdom in Asia Minor, emerging as an independent kingdom about parallel with Mitanni, another Hurrian kingdom, which is from late 16th century until around 1340 BCE.
The heartland was the Gulf of Iskenderun, around the Taurus mountains and the Ceyhan river. The capital was Kummanni, which has yet to be located.
Kizzuwatna was a country of important natural resources, silver mines and high quality wood were items easy to export. The economic backbone was still agriculture, which had fine conditions due to abundant winter rain.
While Hurrians dominated in their society, the Luwians also represented a great part of society.

History
Late 16th century BCE: Forms an alliance with the Hittites, allowing Kizzuwadna to become an independent, regional power.
Ca. 1340: Kizzuwatna is conquered by Hittite king, Arnuwanda 1, and included in the Hittite Empire.
Around 1330: Kizzuwatna rebels against Hittite supremacy, but are defeated.




By Tore Kjeilen