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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map

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Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Old Kingdom / 4th Dynasty /
Other spellings: Khafra, Khefre, (Greek:) Chephren or Souphis

Statue of sitting Khafre. Now in Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt.
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Statue of sitting Khafre. Now in Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

Pyramid of Khafre. Giza, Egypt.
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Pyramid of Khafre at Giza.

King of Ancient Egypt, the 4th ruler of the 4th Dynasty of Egypt, ruling 2558-2532 BCE, 26 years.
Khafre was son of King Khufu, and he succeeded his half-brother, Redjedef. He married his sister but had 2 or 3 other queens as well.
We know little of his achievements in administration, development or warfare. We know that he ruled most of the areas of modern Egypt, from the capital of Memphis. But his splendid pyramid at Giza that tells about a time of wealth for the Egyptian state, enough internal stability and a well functioning administration to complete such a huge task.
After his brother's move to Abu Ruwash for the building of his funerary monument, Khafre moved back to Giza and the complex of Khufu. Here he had built a pyramid, which at 143.5 metres was only 3 metres smaller than his father's. But it lies on a higher ground, making it look taller. The other great monument built by Khafre's command was the Great Sphinx. It is suggested that its face resemble Khafre's, but it was later identified with the sun god Harmachis.
He was preceded by his half-brother, Redjedef, and succeeded by his son, Menkaure.

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By Tore Kjeilen