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Also called: Judeo-Tat; JudŠo-Tat; Juwuri

Iranian language spoken by Jews in the Caucasus Mountains, or descendants of such. The name often used for this people group is Mountain Jews. Today Juhuri is counted with ca. 100,000 daily speakers, 60,000 now live in Israel. It is a language on the decline, and is by the UNESCO listed as a language in danger of extinction (see Endagered languages).
The homelands of the language are mainly in Azerbaijan and the Russian republic of Dagestan, and its classification comes from centuries of isolation, following migrations migrated north mainly in the 13th and 14th centuries. It is closely related to Persian of the southwestern branch, but home to a region where other Iranian languages are of the northwestern branch.
In Israel, Juhuri speakers have formed communities in Sderot, Haderah and Or Akiva.
Some classifications make Juhuri and Tati the same larger language; Tati is the language of Muslims. There are many Semitic elements to Juhuri. Many loanwords come, through Persian, from Arabic, and Juhuri is noted for having a pronunciation closer the Arabic one, compared to Persian. Culture words are taken largely from Hebrew. There is also great influence from Azerbaijani, the dominant language of the Juhuri homeland; Azerbaijani being a Turkic language.
The alternative names above are the more common; in addition these terms can be used/have been used: Tati; Judeo-Tatic; Hebrew Tat; Jewish Tat; Bik; Dzhuhuric; Mountain Jewish, Lahji.
Juhuri may be written in either Hebrew; Cyrillic; or Latin scripts.

By Tore Kjeilen