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Juba
Arabic: jūbā




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Juba

Juba, Sudan

City in southern Sudan with 230,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), regional capital of both Southern Sudan with 8.3 million inhabitants (2008 estimate) and an area of 620,000 km², as well as the Central Equatoria State with 1.1 million inhabitants (2008 estimate) and an area of 23,000 km².
Juba is at an elevation 450 metres, a river port on the Mountain Nile river, and an important transportation hub along the Nile. The river north of Juba is used for transportation, to the south, the cataract immediately to the south, land transport is the only form of communication to the south. Communications have been severely cut off during years of war, but seem to be reestablishing now.
Agriculture is the central activity of Juba, tobacco, coffee and chili are the main products. The rain season at Juba lasts from March until October.
Roads to and from Juba have been destroyed by war, and are presently being rebuilt. Juba has the only bridge across the Nile in south of Sudan. Juba Airport is operational, with connections to Khartoum; and international flights to Entebbe, Uganda; Addis Abeba, Ethiopia; and Nairobi, Kenya. Bor is 140 km north.
United Nations has established its OCHA Camp in Juba.
Many of Juba's inhabitants fled to Uganda during the war.
Juba National University was founded in 1977.

History
19th century: A trading post and a mission named Gondokoro was located in the vicinity of Juba.
1899: Comes under Anglo-Egyptian Sudan control.
1947: Agreement signed in Juba, where northern and southern Sudan are unified.
1955: First Sudanese Civil War.
1972: End of the First Sudanese Civil War.
1983: Second Sudanese Civil War, Juba is the centre of the southern resistance.
2005: Becomes capital of Southern Sudan.




By Tore Kjeilen