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1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. Human rights
11. History
12. Cities and Towns

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Open map of JordanFlag of JordanJordan /

Water surface: 329 km².
Population density: 60 inhabitants per kmē.
Border: 1,635 km. To Palestine 97 km; Israel 238 km; Saudi Arabia 744 km; Iraq 181 km; and Syria 375 km.
Coastline: 26 km.
Highest point: Ram Mountain 1,734 m
Lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
Arable land: 2.9%
Most of Jordan is semi-desert, while the eastern regions often tips over to being desert. Jordan relies much on the sparse rain falling over the country, and water flushing through the Jordan Valley (along the Jordan river).
When Jordan's territories west of the Dead Sea were lost in the war against Israel in 1967, half of the country's agricultural land disappeared (the just claim to this land is since 1988 transferred from Jordan to Palestine). Jordan is partly mountainous.
Jordan has been strongly urbanized in modern ages, and most of the nomadic activities of the indigenous bedouin population has disappeared. Even if the recent years have shown many challenges for the society and the economy, Jordan is still among the best organized societies in the Middle East.


  • Yarmuk River
    Ca. 60 km. It begins in Syria, a total of 80 km.
  • Jordan River
    A total of 320 km, shared with Israel and Palestine.


  • Dead Sea
    Salt lake shared with Israel and Palestine (demarcations not finalized).

  • By Tore Kjeilen