Palestine / Cities and Towns /
Town in Palestine with about 27,000 inhabitants (1997). In addition there is a refugee camp housing about 13,000 Palestinian refugees.
Jenin is the centre of a rich agricultural area, producing wheat, olives, dates, carobs and figs. It is also the main marketing centre of northern Palestine. Another important source of income for the inhabitants of both the town and the refugee camp, has been work inside Israel.
The town has a branch of the Arab American University.
14th century BCE: Mentioned in the Egyptian Amarna Letters.
1st millennium BCE: Mentioned in the Bible as the city of En-gannim, a city of the Levites.
12th century CE: The city of Jenin comes under control of the Crusaders, who call it Le Grand Gerin.
1938: After a British general is killed by a man of Jenin, central buildings in the town are blown up, and many inhabitants imprisoned.
1948: Under the First Palestinian War, Jenin becomes the base for Transjordanian and Iraqi troops in the fighting against the emerging state of Israel. Most of the lands close to it, was captured by the Jews.
1953: A camp is set up for Palestinian refugees of the lands that have come under control of Israel.
1995: Jenin comes under Palestinian control.
2002 April: Israeli troops attack the refugee camp, and the fighting leads to the death of 54 Palestinians, including 22 civilians, and 23 Israeli soldiers.