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2. Political situation
3 Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
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6. Demographics
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a. Freedom
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Open map of IsraelFlag of IsraelIsrael /

Israel is one of the smallest countries in the Middle East, but has several nature zones: The north is quite green, the middle of the country is partly arid, while the south is desert. The desert covers in total 60% of Israeli territory..
Israel continues to occupy three areas that were won in the Six-Day War in 1967: Gaza Strip, West Bank and Golan Heights. In all these areas, extremist Jews have established settlements under a claim that the land has been give to them by God, and does not belong to the indigenous population.

Water surface: 440 km².
Border: 1,017 km. To Palestine 358 km; Egypt 266 km; Jordan 238 km; Syria 76 km; Lebanon 79 km.
Coastline: 273 km.
Highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m
Lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
Arable land: 17%


  • Jordan River
    River of a total length 320 km shared with Jordan and Palestine.


  • Dead Sea
    Salt lake of 1,050 kmē (decreasing), at 408 metres below sea level, shared with Jordan and Palestine.
  • Sea of Galilee
    166 km².


  • Mount Hermon
    Mountain reaching 2,814 metres. It is shared with Lebanon, the part that is under Israeli administration is internationlly considered Syrian territory.


  • Negev Desert


  • Golan Heights
    Annexed by Israel, but internationally considered Syrian territory. It was conquered in 1967.

  • By Tore Kjeilen