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5. Sharia
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10. Caliph
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Islam / Caliph / Abbasids /
Arabic: 'al-wāthiq bi-llah ibn 'al-mu¢tasim

(?-786) Caliph of Islam 785-786, belonging to the Abbasid Dynasty.
He was a mild leader, although there were rebellions inside the empire that had to be crushed. He was known for allowing ordinary people to visit him in the palace.
The most serious rebellion was the one of Hysayn bni Ali, when he declared himself caliph and ruling from Madina. Although the rebellion was crushed and its leaders killed, a cousin of Husayn escaped to Morocco and would form the Idrisi state.
Another serious rebellion was the one of the Kharijis. His empire was also attacked by the Byzantines, but their army was defeated by al-Hadi's.

Around 750?: Born as oldest son of al-Mahdi.
785: al-Mahdi dies, and al-Hadi becomes new caliph.
786: Dies a natural death, and is succeeded by his brother Harun ar-Rashid.

By Tore Kjeilen