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Index / Languages / Iranian / Zaza-Gorani
Iran / Languages /
Other spelling: Gurani
Also called: Huramani; Hurami; Hawramani; Hewrami; Howrami; Auramani; Awromani

Indo-European Iranian language (Northwestern), spoken by an estimated 450,000 in the southern Kurdish regions of Iraq through Iran.
In Iran, Gorani is spoken in the provinces of Kordestan and Kermanshah. Here it is called Hawrami, which is often classified as a seperate language from Gorani, according to poor and confusing classifications.
In Iraq, Gorani is spoken mainly in the Halabja region, as well as in the Hawraman Mountains. The distribution between Iraq and Iran cannot be set firmly, but apparently at least 2 of 3 live in Iran.
In the process of the making of Contents, no definite information about Gorani speakers' ethnicity has been found, while the common definition of the language as Kurdish, would make Gorani speakers Kurds.
It is close to Zazaki, and distinguishes itself from the nearby Kurdish dialects Kurmanji and Sorani.
There is some confusion to what name applies best, the language is sometimes called Hawramani, sometimes Hawramani is defined as a sub-group of Gorani. In the last definition, Hawrami indicates the most archaic Gorani variant, coming close to the extinct language of Avestan, the language used in the production of the original Zoroastrian texts.
Many Gorani speakers belong to Ahl-e Haqq.
Gorani has lost ground to the Sorani variant of Kurdish, then mainly in Iraq.
A rich body of literature emerged during the era of Ardalan, from the 14th until 19th century, mainly within poetry. There is also much religious work written in Gorani for the religion of Ahl-e Haqq.

By Tore Kjeilen