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Ancient Egypt /
Religion
1. Introduction
2. Gods
3. Concepts
4. Cult
5. Cult centres
6. Necropolises
7. Structures

Detailed articleAncient Egypt



























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Ca. 2589-2340 BCE


Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Pyramids | Seven Wonders of the World /
Pyramids of Giza



Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
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From left: a queen pyramid, Menkaure's, Khafre's and Khufu's.

Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
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Pyramid of Khufu.

Giza



Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
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Pyramid of Khafre.

Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
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Pyramid of Menkaure.

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LookLex / Egypt
Pyramids of Giza
Pyramid of Khufu
Inside the Pyramid of Khufu
Pyramid of Khafre
Inside the Khafre Pyramid
Pyramid of Menkaure
Queen's pyramids
Solar boat and boat pits
The Sphinx
Tomb of Khentkawes
Mastabas

In Egypt, funerary and pyramid area in the southwestern outskirts of the city of Giza, at the elevation above the fertile belt along the Nile, at the point where the desert begins.
The area was used for pyramids through the 4th Dynasty, but was in use as funerary complex until the 5th Dynasty, altogether almost 250 years. Through this period, other important funerary complexes were also in use, like Saqqara and Abu Sir.
The area contains 3 main pyramids, and 7 queen pyramids, of which 6 still stands. The tomb of Khentkawes is also sometimes counted as a pyramid.
From every main pyramid, a section of ceremonial structures were built, technically connecting the pyramid with the river bed of the Nile. Around the northernmost pyramid, numerous mastabas were built during the 4th and 5th Dynasties, these being the tombs of the notables.
The 4,600 year old Khufu, ranging 137,2 metres up from its base, the 4,500 year old Khafre, ranging 136,5 metres up from the base, and Menkaure, 62 metres high.
In front of the three lies the 22 metre high and 50 metre long Great Sphinx, whose age is disputed, but the most commonly accepted theory places it in Khafre's reign; it is even suggested to have (had) the face of Khafre.
The Pyramids of Giza are not only the oldest, but also the only remaining of the Seven Wonders of the World, defined in the 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE.





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By Tore Kjeilen