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Open map of PalestineFlag of PalestinePalestine / Cities and Towns /
Gaza
Arabic: ghazza
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Gaza

Gaza, Palestine.
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Gaza, Palestine. Photo: gloucester2gaza.

Gaza, Palestine.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Photo: gloucester2gaza.

Gaza, Palestine.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Photo: Moshe Shai/Corbis.

City in Palestine with 600,000 inhabitants (2003 estimate), situated on the Mediterranean Sea.
The economic base of Gaza consists of workers living in the city while working in Israel, though this has been made more difficult due to new Israeli regulations. Local sources of income are small industries, crafts, and food processing, as well as fishing. Gaza is the main city on the Gaza Strip and at present hosts the headquarters of the Palestine National Authority.
The infrastructure of Gaza is underdeveloped, but significant strategies have been implemented to improve the quality of housing and health services, even if most still has to be realized. The clear majority of the population of Gaza are Muslim Palestinians.

History
Around 1180 Gaza becomes Philistine city, who developed it into a prosperous port.
7th century CE: Gaza becomes predominantly Muslim.
Around 1900: The Jewish minority of Gaza abandons the city for other Palestinian settlements.
1948: Gaza is placed under Egyptian occupation, as a result of the First Palestinian War. The face of Gaza changes as it becomes the host for Palestinian refugees.
1967: With the Six-Day War, Gaza comes under Israeli occupation.
1994: Gaza becomes the headquarters for the new Palestinian Authority.




By Tore Kjeilen