Mesopotamia / Cities /
Other spelling: Dur Sharrukin
The name means "Sargon's fortress".
The city was carefully planned, built to become smaller than the largest Assyrian cities, covering between 2 and 3 km². The city walls were gigantic, with 157 guarding towers and 7 entrance gates.
In the centre of the city was a temple dedicated to the god, Nabu, and the royal palace. There was also built a ziggurat within the palace confines.
Several great finds were made at Dur-Sharrukin, excellent wall reliefs, ivories and monumental human-headed winged bulls (shedu). But of greatest importance was the discovery of the Assyrian King List, recording Assyrian kings from ca. 1700 BCE until the middle of the 11th century BCE.
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