Persia / Achaemenid Dynasty /
Old Persian: Darayavaush
(?-404 BCE) King of Persia 423-404 BCE (including the territory of Egypt), belonging to the Achaemenid Dynasty. His original name was Ochus. He was often called Nothus, "Bastard", referring to him being the son of King Artaxerxes 1 and a concubine.
Darius 2's tomb, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Iran.
There is little information about his reign, except the wars waged with Athens. It appears as if he was quite dependent on other people of the court, his eunuchs and especially his wife and half-sister Parysatis. The result was corruption, suppression, much dissatisfaction around the empire and many revolts.
Around 460? BCE: Born as son of King Artaxerxes 1 and a concubine from Babylonia.
430's?: Becomes satrap of Hyrcania.
423: Becomes king of Persia after he has his half-brother King Sogdianus killed. Sogdianus had been king for only a month. Xerxes 2 before him was king for only a month and half.
Defeats his full brother Arsites, who tried to usurp Darius' newly won throne.
413: Enters into a war with Athens, trying to win back territory lost in 448.
409: A rebellion in Media is quickly suppressed.
405: Athens is finally beaten.
404: Dies, and is followed by his son Artaxerxes 2.