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Open map of Saudi ArabiaFlag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia / Cities and Towns /
Dammam
Arabic: 'ad-dammām
Other spelling: Damman





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Dammam

Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
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Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
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Photo: Dorothy Miller/PADIA/Saudi Aramco.

City in northwestern Saudi Arabia with 690,000 inhabitants (2003 estimate). It is the capital of the Eastern Province with 3.3 million inhabitants (2003 estimate).
Dammam lies on tip of land stretching out into the Persian Gulf, forming a large metropolitan and industrial area, with about 1.2 million inhabitants, together with Khobar, Qatif and Dhahran.
Dammam is a major seaport, involved in a wide variety of export and import. It is a centre for petroleum and natural gas, but also the centre of all commerce in the eastern parts of the kingdom. There is some agriculture, largely dealing with livestock and dairy products.
Dhahran has excellent connections with other urban centres of Saudi Arabia by highways, and is also linked to Bahrain with a causeway. Dammam is also the terminus of the railroad to Riyadh. The King Fahd International Airport is shared by all the cities in the region.
Dammam is a modern city, but has seen less investments and fewer projects than Khobar.

History
Back in history, Dammam was a small coastal community, living off fishing and some agriculture.
1938: The site of Dhahran is the scene of the first oil discovery in Saudi Arabia.
1939: Oil exploitation starts at Dhahran.
1940's: The oil revenues allows King Ibn Saud to begin a large-scale modernizing program which largely involved Dammam. Modern infrastructure and modern buildings are built here.
1970's: The building of modern Dammam begins on a full scale.
1975: The King Faisal University opens.
1999: The King Fahd International Airport opens.




By Tore Kjeilen