Turkey / Politics /
(1946- ) Turkish politician, prime minister 1993-96, member of parliament, leader of the True Path Party. She became Turkey's first female prime minister and remains a central figure in Turkish politics.
Her politics have been marked by attempts to liberalize both the economy of Turkey and the individual rights of its people.
Through the 1990's she lost some of her former allies, among them president Süleyman Demirel.
She was educated as an economist from the Bogazici University of Istanbul and holds also holds a Ph.D. from the University of Connecticut, USA.
She is married and has two children.
1946: Born in Istanbul.
1991 October: Elected to parliament.
1993: She becomes leader of the True Path Party.
She forms a new government, which is lead by the True Path Party.
1995 September: The Republican People's Party leaves the government, which forces Ciller to call for early elections.
December: Ciller does not achieve the number of votes needed in the parliamentary elections, since her party receives only 19%, 2% less than the winning Islamist Welfare Party.
1996 March: Ciller and the True Path Party form a government together with Mesut Yilmaz of the Motherland Party, leaving him in the position of prime minister.
June: Ciller cooperates with Necmettin Erbakan of the Islamist Welfare Party in overthrowing her partner Yilmaz.
July: A coalition is forged between Erbakan and Ciller, which leaves Ciller in the position as foreign minister.
1997 June: Ciller intends to become prime minister as Erbakan resigns, but president Demirel instead asks Yilmaz to form a government.