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Open map of LebanonFlag of LebanonLebanon / Geography /
Bekaa Valley
Arabic: 'al-biqā¢


Bekaa Valley, Lebanon.
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Along the route between Beirut and Damascus, the Bekaa Valley is here seen from the Lebanon Mountains, with the Anti-Lebanon Moutains in the back.

Bekaa Valley opening up to the Lake Qaraoun.
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Bekaa Valley opening up to the Lake Qaraoun.

Valley of central-eastern Lebanon.
The valley stretches for 120 km along the Litani and Orontes rivers, and is bordered by the Lebanon Mountains (west) and Anti-Lebanon Mountains (east).
The valley makes up half of the arable land of Lebanon, but its agriculture is less effective, largely due to little rainfall between the mountains, and a more difficult climate.
The main cities of the valley are Zahle (60,000 inhabitants) and Baalbek (30,000).
The main activities in the region are agriculture, where grains is the dominating produce. Wine and arak production are important local products.

History
1975-1990: Through the Lebanese Civil War, many battles are fought in the Bekaa Valley.




By Tore Kjeilen