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Ancient Iran / Elam /
Awan Dynasty


In Ancient Iran, a royal dynasty emerging from the city or region of Awan, the first dynasty of Elam, emerging in the 3rd millennium BCE.
The rulers of Awan emerge around 2600 BCE, and the last kings are from around 2220 BCE.
Information from the Sumerian king list about Awan has legendary nature, stating just 3 kings ruling as much as 356 years together. Still, this information indicates that Awan was recognized as an important neighbour. A royal list from Elam gives names for 12 kings.
More historically reliable accounts about Awan kings emerge in wars between Elam and Akkad in the 24th and 23rd centuries, naming Luh-ishan and Hishep-ratep. Although Awan was subjected by Akkad, the dynasty would survive a few more decades. The last Awan king became Kutik-Inshushinak. The end of Awan dominance came with the destructions of the Gutians.




By Tore Kjeilen