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Mesopotamia / Cities /

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Akkad. Agade

Main city of Akkad, that has never been located. Akkad has its name from this city.
Some sources suggest it was located midway between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers; at Ishan Mizyad there is a large unexplored mound that could prove to be the site, while some data locate it to lay near the confluence of the Rivers Tigris and Diyala. Other theories say that it corresponds with Sippar, or that it rests beneath modern Baghdad.
The city must have existed long before Sargon of Akkad became king in the 24th century BCE, but it was in his reign that it grew large and rich. Its grand history became short, being destroyed with the fall of Akkad in the 23rd century BCE, but is believed to have been lived in for perhaps 2,000 years more.
Descriptions of the city tell about quays where boats from as far afield as Magan and Meluhha (possibly Oman and the Indus Valley) docked and unloaded their exotic goods.
The city god was Ishtar, and legends tell that it was when she abandoned her temple that the city was left to be destroyed by invaders. Babylonian accounts from the 6th century BCE tell that the Ishtar cult of Agade had been replaced with the cult of Annuit, whose shrine was in Sippar. This suggest a geographical proximity to Sippar.

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By Tore Kjeilen