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Ancient Egypt /
1. Introduction
2. Gods
3. Concepts
4. Cult
5. Cult centres
6. Necropolises
7. Structures

Detailed articleAncient Egypt

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Ancient Egyptian: Abdjw

Entrance to the Temple of Seti 1, Abydos, Egypt.
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In one of the windowless chambers inside the Temple of Seti 1, Abydos, Egypt.
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The Osireion at Abydos, Egypt.
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The Grand Entry
A new type of temple
Great reliefs
The dark inner chambers
The place where Egypt began?

In Ancient Egyptian Religion, sacred site being the cultic centre of Osiris. For nearly 5000 years, Abydos remained a central religious site to Egypt, remaining important to the religion's understanding of death.
Abydos is located in the middle of the Ancient Egyptian territories, about 50 km south of modern Sohag.
The oldest recorded temple at Abydos was devoted to the canine god, Osiris-Khentimentiu.
Today, two temples remain in fine shape. Especially, the Temple of Seti 1 is impressive, unusual with its L-shape and noted for its smooth and discrete appearance in front, its impressively dark and beautiful chambers, most keeping their roofings intact.
Behind the dominating temple structure, the Osireion is located. Despite its apparent old building technique with huge granite blocks, it is believed to belong to the era of Seti 1 and Merneptah, attempting to recreate an old temple.
Around the two central temples, many important sites are found. Among which, Egypt proper's southernmost pyramid, built for Ahmose, though not with a tomb inside.
Abydos also has a tomb to the 1st Dynasty king Djer, a tomb which more than 1000 years later would be claimed to be the tomb of Osiris. This tomb would be central in making Abydos the favourite burial place for rich people.
Abydos has been suggested as one of the earliest places for the development of the death cult in Egyptian religion, having predynastic mortuary complexes and early dynastic boat graves.

Around 4000 BCE: A cult centre is established here, representing the beginning of almost 5000 years of continuous religious history.
Late 4th millennium: Self-sacrifice is performed here.
Around 3100: Rulers of the Protodynastic period are buried here.
13th century: Temple of Seti 1 is begun constructed, later finished by his son, Ramses 2.
641 CE: The arrival of Islam leads to the end of the cults at Abydos.

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By Tore Kjeilen