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Lessons

1. Hello & Goodbye

2. Counting

3. Meeting people

4. In the hotel

5. In the restaurant

6. Writing Arabic

7. part 2

8. part 3

9. part 4

10. My name is Issam

11. My local coffeeshop

12. Swedish women

13. Alexandria's beaches

14. Fixing cars

15. Islam & Christianity

16. Quit smoking?

17. Mountains of cookies

18. My marriage









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Grammar 12
Declension of nouns and declining of verbs

To many people's surprise, Arabic grammar in respect of syntax, declension and declining is far less uncomplicated than what is found in most Western languages. Vocabulary is, however a challenge, due to its richness.
There are three cases to Arabic: Nominative, Accusative, and Genitive. These are controlled by the analythical structure of a sentence, certain prepositions, and use of controller words. These rules are unproblematic, but will be covered better with books for advanced studies. As for now: When listening to the sound clips here, you might have noticed that endings are often put to a noun or adjective, but that this is not written. What you here see, is the implementation of cases.

Nominative: -u and -un.

Accusative: -a and -an.

Genitive: -i and -in.

Declining of verbs is a shock to most. There are only 2 tenses. Yes, it is true! Perfect, for actions already completed, and Imperfect, for actions incompleted. There are some derivatives of these two, but for all three levels of BABEL:arabic, learning 2 tenses is practically the only main effort imposed upon you.
The bad thing is that all verbs are declined differently according to sex and numbers, leaving you with 13 forms. These, however, are strictly controlled by the rules.
As for an example of the use of Perfect and Imperfect:

he wrote: kataba

she wrote: katabat

he writes: yaktaba

she writes: taktaba

There are problems awaiting you with verbs, more than for the declension, (well covered in books for advanced studies), we will provide you with a handful of hints on how to reduce the problems effectively, yet grammatically correctly.




By Tore Kjeilen